Richiş – Mediaş: 23 km – 28 min, cost ~ 9 RON ,(ş/46.157293.24.347148)

In the proud city of Mediaş we will visit the ancient fortress, the merchant guild towers, the medieval fortresses from the surrounding area and savour a good wine. Mediaş is one of the oldest cities of Transylvania, founded in 1146, according to some historical sources. Mediaş and its surroundings are the shelter of dozens of well-preserved medieval fortresses, two one them part of the Unesco World Heritage. Mediaş Fortress has 17 towers and bastions, 7-meter tall walls, with three main gates and four secondary gates of access (in the old Medieval fortress).

The most important sites here are: the Tailors’ Tower, the Tower of Trumpets (68.5m), the Tower of Bells, Schuller House (1588), the Forkesch Tower, the Stone Masons’ Tower, the Ironsmiths’ Tower. Also, in 1444, the Franciscan Order commands the construction of the Franciscan church and monastery, included today in the Franciscan complex. This shelters artefacts of great value: the treasury of Şeica Mică, the treasury of Panade and other marvellous pieces of popular ceramics.

In 1476, after a conflict with the king of Hungary, Matia Corvinul, the ruler of Ţara Românească (Romanian Country), Vlad Ţepeş is imprisoned here at the Saint Margaret fortified church. Also in the fortified church of Mediaş, Ştefan Bathory is elected the King of Poland. Bram Stoker in his famous novel “Dracula” mentions “the golden wine of Mediaş”, the Mediaş area being anciently called “The Wine Country” or “Weinland”, as it appears on the map of the humanist Johannes Honterus (16th century). Even the city’s coat of arms bears the fame and emblem of its tasty grapes.




Richiş-Sighişoara: 35 km-34 min, cost ~13 RON, (ş/Sighişoara)

Transylvania and Siebenburgen would not be renowned worldwide were it not for these 7 great cities. But out of all of them, Sighişoara undoubtedly has the most devotees of medieval history and culture. Included in the Unesco heritage in 1999 (, one of the most important touristic attractions of Romania, Sighişoara is the only inhabited medieval city of the country, one of only 3 remaining in the entire Europe!

Sighişoara Fortress was fortified with a 930 m long wall that surrounds the hill and with 14 defence towers of which 9 survive today: Ropemakers’ Tower, Butchers’ Tower, Furriers’ Tower, Cobblers’ Tower, Clock Tower and Tanners’ Tower.

Vlad the Impaler stayed in Sighişoara between 1431 and 1435 as an envoy of the King of Hungary at that time. But the story of Sighişoara is told and projected each year. For 16 years, at the Medieval Art Festival, Sighişoara puts on the splendid garments and reminds every one of its passion for crafts, the artists and knights of times gone by.




Richiş – Sibiu: 68 Km•1 h 8 min, cost ~ 25 RON, (

An unparalleled promoter of human and cultural development, from medicine, to education, arts and transportation to the metal industry. Being declared the European cultural capital in 2007 along with Luxembourg, the Sibiu fortress is the noble darling of Transylvania, at the head of Saxon administration s of Siebenburgen, a true promoter of Transylvanian intellectual and cultural capabilities. Attested as early as 1191 and structured in 19 merchant guilds in the medieval era, it was the town where most medical and technological breakthroughs were made, being the most important German fortress of Transylvania in the 14th century.

In 1292, the first hospital in Romania is attested. In 1380 – the first certification of a school in Romania.

In 1494 the first Romanian pharmacy is opened, the Lutheran Catechism is published in Sibiu, the first book printed in Romanian. In 1692, Sibiu becomes the capital of Transylvania, the most notable constructions of this period are the Brukenthal Palace and the Trinity Romanesque Catholic Church. The historic centre of Sibiu is in the process of being put on the UNESCO heritage list. Do we need to add that Sibiu is today the seat of the largest foreign investments in Romania?



Richiș – Brașov: 133 Km•2 h 8 min, cost ~ 50 RON, (

Braşov does not require any introduction. With so many historic, climatic, positioning privileges, so many mountain resorts and touristic attractions, we don’t talk about Braşov, we dream of Braşov. A medieval and artisan city, solid and very well preserved, it was founded by the Teutonic Knights in 1211. In 1395, at the plea of Sigismund of Luxembourg, the fortress of Braşov was erected, with impressive bastions 110m from each other. Today, sections of the ancient walls of the fortress can be seen as well as a few bastions and towers which remained intact. In those days,Braşov was the favourite meeting place of the rich, of those with political power and of the guilds of goldsmiths, weavers and drapers.

It also has plenty of touristic attractions. We mention: the Weavers’ Bastion, the Scaffold’s Crucifixes (the oldest dating from 1291), the renowned Black Church – from 1377, the Saint Bartolomeu Church – 13th century, the Black Tower, the White Tower and the Graft Bastion, Catherin’s Gate from 1559, and many museums, monasteries, protected natural parks  and recreational areas. Dreams are events for which we prepare. The preparation for Braşov has come to an end, make it happen.





Richiş – Cluj-Napoca: 145 Km•2 h 32 min, cost ~ 54 RON, (

The modern and occidental Cluj of today reveals here and there, as a tempting courtesan, her undergarments, the marvellous late medieval treasures. Cluj Fortress is attested since the beginning of our era as one of the localities of Romanesque Dacia. The denari – a treasure consisting of silver coins in a clay pot with a lid were discovered here in 1268. A millennium later, around 1270 it is called the Royal Fortress, ever since King Stephen V of Hungary reigned the land. The main activity of the inhabitants forced to pay the excessive dues was, in this century, agriculture, with the regime of the Roman-German King Sigismund of Luxembourg, moving onto free crafts and trade.

This extensive trade from Cluj all the way to Vienna, Venice and Turkey, respectively Moravia led to the significant increase of the power of merchant guilds. The most notable constructions of this period are: the Franciscan Romanesque Catholic Monastery and Church – erected between 11th – 12th centuries, the Saint Michael Romanesque Catholic Church, the Tailors’ Bastion, Shoemakers’ Bastion, Locksmiths’ Tower and Firefighters’ Tower. Although the lures of Cluj are so wide that some people come here and never return to the land they came from, calling it home, the beauty and importance of these cities that make up the old Siebenburgen do not stop at its borders.



Richiș – Bistriţa: 163 Km•2 h 49 min, cost ~ 61 RON, (

It is known that churches had not only the role of spiritual protection but also a very strong administrative and defence role in the era of medieval pilferages. We find this representation of the need of defence and physical and spiritual protection nostalgically transposed in Bistriţa.

The medieval fortress of Bistriţa was initially built in 1241. Devastated on two different occasions by the Mongols and then rebuilt with tall walls, 10m high and 1.5 wide. In 1465 it had 18 towers and bastions from which the Coopers’ Tower survives today with the three levels and 35 m high. The Evangelic Church built in Gothic style, with a 75m-tall tower, the tallest in Romania, the Convent Church – 1280, Sugălete – a complex of 13 superposed buildings linked by spacious entrances forming a gallery with 20 arches supported by 21 pillars, etc.

The fortress is defended by merchant guilds – 22 guilds of goldsmiths, butchers, locksmiths, coopers, wheelmakers, ropemakers etc. each guild being in charge of a defence tower. Bistriţa has also preserved its architectural monuments and archaeological sites that make the historical journey in the story of this borough not only fascinating but also alive and palpable.




Richis – Orăştie: 162 Km•2 h 4 min, cost ~ 61 RON, (

Sebeş, a place as full of history as the cities already mentioned, the third city of commercial importance during the early days of the Saxon seats, pillaged by the Mongols and rebuilt by the surviving inhabitants, left us plenty of medieval treasures as testimony, from the end of the 14th century being completely surrounded by masonry fortifications with 7 towers, the most famous being the “Student’s Tower” – the only surviving tower of a devastating Turkish attack; it is followed by the Octagonal Tower, located next to the Franciscan Monastery, the Semi-circular Tower and the Cobblers’ Tower.

Among other historical and natural marvels that must be visited here we mention: The Evangelic-Lutheran Church built in Gothic style and renovated in Renaissance style; the Zapolya House Museum; the Saint Jacob Chappel, Saint Bartolomeu Church; Binder House; Râpa Roşie – a geological reservation, at approx. 3 km from the city, and in the surroundings: Scărişoara Cave, Întregalde Gorge and Detunatele. At Oraştie we first, first of all, the astonishing Fortified Complex, known under the name of the Dacic Fortresses in Oraştie Mountains, on the Unesco world heritage list since 1999. (

A place devastated by Mongol, Turk, Tatar predators, internal wars, the plague, pilferages and crimes, has also known a great statute. One of the Saxon seats was located here and a true sanctuary for locals – visit the Evangelic Church of Augustan confession and the Reformed Church. In the heart of the city there are the ruins of the fortress, with the defence wall with representative medieval fortifications.

Medieval Villages With Churches Part Of The UNESCO Heritage

First and foremost come and visit the world heritage of the Transylvanian fortified churches, the villages that, for more than a decade, belong to the world, not only to Romania. Below, the medieval villages from the UNESCO heritage from Richiş to each of them, fortified churches and other objectives we kindly recommend to visit, in your journey in Transylvania.


Richiş – Biertan: 5 Km • 6 min

The church in Biertan is a Unesco site since 1993, built in the 15th century and rebuilt in the 16th century, defended by 3 concentric walls with 9 towers preserved since the 16th century, combining the Gothic and Renaissance styles. It was the seat of the Saxon bishopric between 1572 and 1867. The door of the sacristy, a masterpiece of Saxon medieval technique has 19 locks!


Richiş – Viscri: 77 Km • 1 h 20 min

In Viscri survives, well-preserved, one of the most picturesque and – in spite of the not very impressive sizes – monumental Saxon village fortresses, that houses within its walls one of the few Romanesque hall churches of the 13th century.


Richiş – Saschiz: 55 Km • 53 min

The refuge fortress of Saschiz was built in the 14th century. With 6 towers and a 60m-deep fountain it was a refuge against predators, a fortune and weapon deposit. At its feet lies the church with a massive tower and shooting hatches identical with those in Sighişoara.

Valea Viilor

Richiş – Valea Viilor: 33,5 Km • 40 min

The fortified church of ValeaViilor has a strong wall with 3 towers and a small village museum. The church is surrounded by a single oval room where the access is made through an arched corridor situated in the Western side, which can be closed with a harrow. Three bastions survive today on the sides, in the four cardinal points.


Richiş – Dârjiu: 71 Km • 1 h 19 min

The church is one of the most important Szekler fortified churches, being mentioned in all references of such monuments in Transylvania due to the mural paintings inside the church and the architecture of the surrounding fortifications.


Richiş – Câlnic: 121 Km • 1 h 42 min

The Romanesque fortress is the most valuable historical construction and also the distinctive mark of Câlnic village. Because it was well-preserved in the middle of a locality that still bears the mark of the civilization of German colonists established in Transylvania, the building was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage list.


Richiş – Prejmer: 160 Km • 2 h 14 min

It was built in the 13th century on the foundation of an old 12th century Romanesque basilica. The fortified Evangelic Church complex consisting of the church, the fortified construction, with a defence road, two towers, two bastions, gate tower is a historical monument.

Fortified Churches


The Saxon locality documented since 1283, built in the period 1480-1486 one of the most beautiful Evangelic-Lutheran churches of Transylvania. The size of the church mirrors the wealth of Moşna, that, until 1533, competed with Medias and Biertanfor the title of seat which was given to Mediaș.


On this spot, in the 13th century, there was a Romanesque basilica, but in the next centuries, this was extended and fortified because of Turkish invasions. Therefore, in 1466, the fortified church of Agnita is mentioned, the church built in the centre of the former Romanesque basilica, in Gothic style, but with a harmonious blend of Renaissance and Baroque elements.


Its construction began in the 14th century in Romanesque style and was then renovated in Gothic style. The church has a “zwinger”, a narrow space between the external part of the main wall and the second shorter wall, parallel with the first, with the role of obstacle and trap for predators.


The towerless church was built in the XIII century, and is the largest fortress church in the region. Following the 1432 Turk raids it was surrounded by a triple wall ring and a water-jump. It burned down in 1685 and 1701. The majority of the walls and the wheeler’s tower were demolished in the XIX century. Three towers remained: the weavers’ bastion, the coopers’ tower, and the blacksmiths’ tower.

Take A Journey At High Altitude On The Transfăgărășan Road

Jeremy Clarkson experienced this together with the team from TopGear, and described the Transfăgărășan as one of the most beautiful in the world. From here you take a 151 km journey at more than 2000m altitudes, crossing natural reservations and the Bâlea glacial lake, serpentines that take your breath away. Ford company also filmed the Transfăgărășan, calling it the most spectacular driving road in Europe. We invite you to discover the videos below.


Brukenthal Museum

Baron Samuel von Brukenthal’s wish to turn his palace in one of the most important European arts museum came true a few years after his death, in 1817 when the palace opened its gates to the large public for the very first time.

Transylvanian Ethnographic Museum

Founded in 1922, the Transylvanian Ethnographic Museum is both the first ethnographic museum in Romania and the first Romanian museum designed on the basis of a scientific program.

Clock Tower – Museum

The Clock Tower is one of the most expressive monuments of military architecture of Transylvania. He was originally a simple gate tower with a maximum of two levels, and later became the Tower of the great front gate. Clock Tower measuring 64 meters high and include 6 levels (110 steps).

County History Museum Brașov

The museum was established in the building of the former Town Hall, dating from the 15th century, historic monument, on the basis of the collections of the Saxon Museum of Bârsa Country and those of the ASTRA Association Museum. It conserves and presents rich archaeology collections.

You Can Also Visit

Corvin Castle

Built in the 14th century, Corvin Castle is one of the most beautiful and well-preserved constructions of its typefrom the medieval era, being the most famous property of Iancu de Hunedoara striking with its presence that dominates the city of Hunedoara.

Bran Castle

At 30 km from Brasov, between Bucegi Mountains and Piatra Craiului, Bran Castle is an important national monument and a landmark for Romanian tourism, because of its beauty, the scenery and the legend of Count Dracula, whose spirit still haunts these ancient lands.

Peleș Castle

Peleş Castle is one of the most important buildings of historic in Romania, having unique character and is, by its historical and artistic, one of the most important monuments of its kind in Europe of the second half of the nineteenth century.

Nicula Monastery

An ancient centre of Romanian faith and culture, Nicula Monastery is one of the most important monasteries of Transylvania, made unique by its great annual pilgrimages on August 15, the feast of the Assumption